APPENDIX B. MAINTENANCE ALLOCATION CHART
S E C T I O N I . I N T R O D U C T I O N
a. This section provides a general explanation of all maintenance and repair functions authorized at various
b. The Maintenance Allocation Chart (MAC) in Section II designates overall authority and responsibility for the
performance of maintenance functions on the identified end item or component. The application of the mainte-
nance functions to the end item or component will be consistent with the capacities and capabilities of the
designated maintenance categories.
c. Section Ill lists the tools and test equipment (both special tools and common tool sets) required for each
maintenance function as referenced from Section Il.
d. Section lV contains supplemental instructions and explanatory notes for a particular maintenance function.
B-2. MAINTENANCE FUNCTIONS. Maintenance functions will be limited to and defined as follows:
a. Inspect. To determine the serviceability of an item by comparing its physical, mechanical, and/or electrical
characteristics with established standards through examination (e.g., by sight, sound, or feel).
b. Test. To verify serviceability by measuring the mechanical, pneumatic, hydraulic, or electrical characteris-
tics of an item and comparing those characteristics with prescribed standards.
c. Service. Operations required periodically to keep an item in proper operating condition, i.e., to clean
(includes decontaminate, when required), to preserve, to drain, to paint, or to replenish fuel, lubricants, chemical
fluids, or gases.
d. Adjust. To maintain or regulate, within prescribed limits, by bringing into proper or exact position, or by
setting the operating characteristics to specified parameters.
e. Align. To adjust specified variable elements of an item to bring about optimum or desired performance.
f. Calibrate. To determine and cause corrections to be made or to be adjusted on instruments or test,
measuring, and diagnostic equipments used in precision measurement. Consists of comparisons of two instru-
ments, one of which is a certified standard of known accuracy, to detect and adjust any discrepancy in the
accuracy of the instrument being compared.
g. Remove/Install. To remove and install the same item when required to perform service or other mainte-
nance functions. Install maybe the act of emplacing, seating, or fixing into position a spare, repair part, or module
(component or assembly) in a manner to allow the proper functioning of an equipment or system.
h. Replace. To remove an unserviceable item and install a serviceable counterpart in its place.
i. Repair. The application of maintenance services (inspect, test, service, adjust, align, calibrate or replace) or
other maintenance actions (welding, grinding, riveting, straightening, facing, remachining or resurfacing) to
restore serviceability to an item by correcting specific damage, fault, malfunction, or failure in a part, subassem-
bly, module (component or assembly), end item, or system.
j. Overhaul. That maintenance effort (service/action) prescribed to restore an item to a completely service-
able/operational condition as required by maintenance standards in appropriate technical publications (i. e.,
DMWR). Overhaul is normally the highest degree of maintenance performed by the Army. Overhaul does not
normally return an item to like new conditions.
k. Rebuild. Consists of those services/actions necessary for the restoration of unserviceable equipment to a
like new condition in accordance with original manufacturing standards. Rebuild is the highest degree of
material maintenance applied to Army equipment. The rebuild operation includes the act of returning to zero
those age measurements (hours/miles, etc.) considered in classifying Army equipment/components.